The state of Florida is one of the leading producers of oranges in the world, and an estimated 90% of Florida oranges are used to make juice. Florida orange juice accounts for about 40% of the world’s orange juice supply. Brazil is the leading producer of oranges worldwide. Florida is the US leader in the orange industry as well as the citrus industry as a whole, accounting for about 70% of all US citrus sales each year. Oranges are thought to have been first planted in Florida in the mid-1500s by Spanish conquistadors and began to be commercially farmed in Florida during the 1800s.
About 90% of the oranges grown in Florida are used to make juice.
Having a snowball fight is illegal in Aspen, Colorado, because the act is a violation of a local anti-missile law. In the city, throwing any object or discharging a weapon at public buildings, at private property or at another person is an infraction that typically comes with a fine as punishment. Snowball fights on private property are generally not cause for issues. In some cases, however, the throwing of snowballs that are made of a significant amount of ice has been treated as assault or harassment and has come with criminal charges.
It’s illegal to have a snowball fight in Aspen, Colorado.
Contrary to images in popular media, most elephants do not like peanuts. Not only is there no evidence of elephants voluntarily eating peanuts on their own in the wild, but zoos and circus trainers also do not typically feed the animals peanuts. An adult elephant eats an average of 300 pounds (136 kg) of food per day, and peanuts generally would not be able to fulfill their nutritional requirements. More common items in the diet of an elephant include fruit, grass, bark and roots. Although there is no definitive source of how this myth came about, the image tends to be most common in Western popular culture and is thought to be traced to promotional materials for circuses that tried to encourage spectators to buy peanuts.
Despite the popular image, most elephants don’t like peanuts.
The Barbie doll has had a belly button since 2000. In 1959, the doll was created by Ruth Handler, who with her husband Eliot Handler went on to co-found the Mattel toy manufacturing company. The original Barbie was the first adult-proportioned doll and was modeled after the glamorous image of Hollywood actresses of the 1950s, with either brunette or blonde hair, red pursed lips and highly arched eyebrows but no belly button. The design was updated in 1971 to give Barbie bright blonde hair, whiter teeth and tanner skin, but the body was not altered to include a belly button. In 1997, after complaints about the unrealistic proportions of Barbie’s figure, the doll’s waist was widened, and in 2000, a belly button was added.
Barbie dolls didn’t have a belly button until the year 2000.
Spider silk is a fiber that is spun by spiders, and although seven types of silk can be made, no spider is able to make them all. The silk is actually a protein made from amino acids called glycine and alanine, and each particular type of silk is used for different purposes. Dragline and minor silk typically are a smoother texture and are used for building webs, and attachment silk is used as an anchor. Other types of spider silk are sticky and used for trapping prey. These include the viscid and glue-like silks. Wrapping silk is used to secure freshly capture prey, and cocoon silk is used by female spiders to create a safe area for their eggs or hatched offspring.
There are seven types of spider silk, and no single spider is capable of making all seven types.
To someone who is drinking alcohol, other people do not become more attractive, rather the drinker’s standards are lowered, research shows. This goes against the popular “beer goggles” phenomenon that states that alcohol makes the “wearer” see other people as transformed to appear more desirable. Alcohol is instead thought to decrease the mental selection process that people normally go through when deciding on a mate. When sober, a person might have a set of criteria that they prefer potential mates to meet. When a person is under the influence of alcohol, the part of the brain that is wired to find a mate is still active, but his or her judgment is impaired.
Beer goggles don’t make people look more attractive – they just make the “wearer” less picky, according to research.
Physical brain size has been found to increase in adults who learn a new language. The structure of the brain remains the same, but certain parts might increase in size after an in-depth language study, research has shown. The main change typically is to the hippocampus, the structure that is responsible for memory, particularly converting information from short-term memory to long-term memory. Other parts of the cerebral cortex, the brain’s outer layer that is often called gray matter, might be affected, depending on how much effort a person has to put into learning a new language. A Swedish study found that people who learned a new language more easily had larger growth in the superior temporal gyrus, which is related to language learning. Those who struggled were more likely to experience growth of the middle frontal gyrus, which is related to motor function.
Learning a new language as an adult might cause part of your brain to grow in physical size.
Each year, scientists identify about 15,000 new species of animals, plants, fungi or microorganisms. It is estimated that about 86% of existing species on Earth have yet to be discovered or identified. That percentage might be even higher for ocean species in particular, because scientists have more difficulty exploring water. Scientists often concentrate their species research on biodiversity hot spots, which are areas that are rich in biological species but are at risk of losing habitat areas because of human actions. These include regions in the Congo, the Himalayas, California, India, Australia and the Caribbean.
Scientists identify about 15,000 new species each year.
Fred Astaire, a dancer and film star recognized for his successful musicals throughout the 1930s and 1940s, is widely considered one of the best American dancers of all time, even though he was self-conscious about his hands, which were large in comparison with his frame. He believed that his big hands were distracting and did not look graceful enough when he danced, particularly in more elegant forms like ballet. Astaire took careful measures to disguise his hands while dancing, such as placing his third and fourth fingers on top of one another and curling his hands to make them look smaller. Videos of Astaire’s dance routines can reveal the ways he minimized the appearance of his hands.
Embarrassed about having big hands, Fred Astaire focused on disguising the size of his hands whenever he danced.
Having sons might cause women to have shorter lifespans in comparison with women who have daughters. A study of Finnish villagers from the 17th to mid-20th centuries found that for every son a woman gave birth to, her life expectancy was reduced by 7%. It is thought that perhaps boys are larger at birth and cause more strain on their mothers’ bodies. Another possible explanation is that breastfeeding boys might take more of a toll on women than breastfeeding girls. Some researchers believe that gender of children is not a factor so much as the number of children a woman has in her lifetime, as well as her age, her social and wealth status and her access to proper nutrition and healthcare.
Mothers who have sons might have a shorter life expectancy than those who have daughters, according to a study.